Thursday 1 October, 2020

Abortions, are you for or against them?

The everlasting debate about whether or not a woman should be allowed to have an abortion continues to divide society.

People have gone as far as creating movements labelled Pro-Life and Pro-Choice. Pro-Choice promotes advocating the legal right of a woman to choose whether or not she will have an abortion. Whereas pro-life is opposing abortion and euthanasia.

The issue of abortion hinges on the question of personhood. Nearly everyone believes that people have a special moral status: Taking the life of another person, barring extreme circumstances, is a grievous sin. Pro-lifers argue that the same is true of abortion, because foetuses are people—hence the term “pro-life.”

Pro-lifers form their arguments on the grounds that deliberately killing innocent human beings is wrong, a foetus is an innocent human being, abortion is the deliberate killing of a foetus, therefore abortion is the deliberate killing of an innocent human being, and hence it is considered wrong.

People who support the pro-choice movement believe abortion is about allowing women the right to make choices about when they want to have children in relation to their age, financial stability & relationship stability.

People may argue that contraceptives are far too accessible for people to be having unplanned pregnancies. However, fault of a contraceptive can also lead to unplanned pregnancy. What should a woman who has no financial stability, no job, and no steady relationship do?

Should she:

  1. Keep the child because life should be preserved at all cost?
  2. Go through with an abortion because she is not ready?

Emotional and psychological effects following an abortion are more common than physical side effects and can range from mild regret to more serious complications such as depression. Some women however, may feel relief.

Some arguments for Pro-Choice are:

  • Nearly all abortions take place in the first trimester, when a foetus cannot exist independent of the mother. As it is attached by the placenta and umbilical cord, its health is dependent on her health, and cannot be regarded as a separate entity as it cannot exist outside her womb.
  • The concept of personhood is different from the concept of human life. Human life occurs at conception, but fertilized eggs used for in vitro fertilization are also human lives and those not implanted are routinely thrown away. Is this murder, and if not, then how is abortion murder?
  • Adoption is not an alternative to abortion, because it remains the woman's choice whether or not to give her child up for adoption. Statistics show that very few women who give birth choose to give up their babies - less than 3% of white unmarried women and less than 2% of black unmarried women.
  • Abortion is a safe medical procedure. The vast majority of women - 88% - who have an abortion do so in their first trimester. Medical abortions have less than 0.5% risk of serious complications and do not affect a woman's health or future ability to become pregnant or give birth.
  • In the case of rape or incest, forcing a woman made pregnant by this violent act would cause further psychological harm to the victim. Often a woman is too afraid to speak up or is unaware she is pregnant, thus the morning after pill is ineffective in these situations.
  • Abortion is not used as a form of contraception. Pregnancy can occur even with responsible contraceptive use. Only 8% of women who have abortions do not use any form of birth control, and that is more individual carelessness than to the availability of abortion.

Pro-Lifer arguments include:

  • Since life begins at conception, abortion is akin to murder as it is the act of taking human life. Abortion is in direct defiance of the commonly accepted idea of the sanctity of human life
  • No civilized society permits one human to intentionally harm or take the life of another human without punishment, and abortion is no different.
  • Adoption is a viable alternative to abortion and accomplishes the same result.
  • An abortion can result in medical complications later in life; the risk of ectopic pregnancies doubles, and the chance of a miscarriage and pelvic inflammatory disease also increases.
  • In the instance of rape and incest, proper medical care can ensure that a woman will not get pregnant. Abortion punishes the unborn child who committed no crime; instead, it is the perpetrator who should be punished.
  • Abortion should not be used as another form of contraception.
  • For women who demand complete control of their body, control should include preventing the risk of unwanted pregnancy through the responsible use of contraception or, if that is not possible, through abstinence.

Many people are divided with their opinions but pro-choice is creeping into our society. The question remains though, are you Pro-Life or Pro-Choice?




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